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Production and purification of fumonisins from a highly toxigenic Fusarium verticilloides strain

Bailly, Jean Denis and Querin, Arlette and Tardieu, Didier and Guerre, Philippe Production and purification of fumonisins from a highly toxigenic Fusarium verticilloides strain. (2005) Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire, vol. 1 (n° 11). pp. 547-554. ISSN 0035-1555

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Official URL: http://www.revmedvet.com/artdes-fr.php?id=1375

Abstract

Fumonisins are the major mycotoxins produced by Fusarium verticilloides and F. proliferatum fungi which are widely found as contaminants in corn and corn screenings. These molecules are hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic for several species and carcinogenic in rodents. Moreover their consumption was linked to high prevalence of human oesophageal cancer in certain geographic areas. The aim of this work was to improve FB1 production and purification procedures in laboratory conditions in order to produce large quantities of semi-purified toxin that may be used in experimental intoxications of farm animals. We used a highly toxigenic strain of Fusarium verticilloides (NRRL-3428) isolated from feeds. Influence of substrate, temperature, water content, culture recipient size and screen analysis of the substrate on fumonisin production was tested. Optimal production was obtained when strain was grown on coarsely cracked corn with 50% water content at 21°C during 5 weeks. This allowed the production of 3 to 4 g of fumonisin B1 per kg of culture material. The composition of the extracts was found to be as follow : 54% FB1, 8% FB2, 9% FB3 and 29% of pigments coming from corn. The ratio observed between FB1 and FB2 is comparable to the one reported in naturally contaminated corn. Further purification of these extracts on SAX columns led to the removal of pigments and to obtain of fumonisins extracts pure enough to be used for intra-venous or intra-peritoneal injection.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse. The original PDF of the article is available on Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire website : http://www.revmedvet.com/2005/RMV156_547_554.pdf
Audience (journal):National peer-reviewed journal
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Institution: Université de Toulouse > Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse - ENVT
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Deposited By: Jean-Denis Bailly

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