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Modular construction of oxide structures-compositional control of transition metal coordination environments

Tenailleau, Christophe and Allix, Mathieu and Claridge, John B. and Hervieu, Maryvonne and Thomas, Michael F. and Hirst, James P. and Rosseinsky, Matthew J. Modular construction of oxide structures-compositional control of transition metal coordination environments. (2008) Journal of American Chemical Society, vol.130 (24). pp. 7570-7583. ISSN 0002-7863

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja077762f


The effects of reaction temperature and pO2 were investigated on a series of (Ba,Ca,Nd)FeO3-δ perovskite systems in order to isolate phases containing ordered arrangements of the distinct vacancy and cation ordering patterns identified in less compositionally complex iron oxide systems. Initial synthesis in air at high temperature yields cubic perovskite phases (I) with average iron oxidation states higher than 3; selected area electron diffraction together with diffuse features observed in the synchrotron X-ray diffraction (SXRD) patterns of these materials show evidence of small domains of short-range cation and vacancy order. Annealing these materials in nitrogen or in a sealed tube in the presence of an NiO/Ni buffer yielded the Fe3+ phase Ca2Ba2Nd2Fe6O16 (II), closely related to Sr2LaFe3O8 but with partial cation order as well as anion order presentsthe larger Ba cations are largely present in the 12-coordinate site between the octahedral iron layers, and Ca is largely present in 10-coordinate sites between octahedral and tetrahedral sites. Further reduction of Ca2Ba2Nd2Fe6O16 using a Zr getter yields the mixed-valence phase Ca2Ba2Nd2Fe6O15.6 (III). The structure of III was solved by maximum entropy analysis of XRD data coupled with analysis of high-temperature neutron diffraction data and refined against combined SXRD and high-Q ambient-temperature neutron data. This material crystallizes in a 20-fold perovskite super cell (Imma, a ∼ 2×ap, b ∼ 10×ap, c∼×2ap) and can be visualized as an intergrowth between brownmillerite (Ca2Fe2O5) and the YBa2Fe3O8 structure. There are three distinct iron coordination environments, octahedral (O), squarepyramidal (Sp), and trigonal planar (Tp, formed by distorting the tetrahedral site in brownmillerite), which form a Sp-O-Tp-O-Sp repeat. Bond valence calculations indicate that Tp is an Fe2+ site, while the O and Sp sites are Fe3+. The A-site cations are also partially ordered over three distinct sites: 8-coordinate between the Sp layers, 10-coordinate between Tp and O layers, and 12-coordinate between Sp and O layers. Mo¨ssbauer spectroscopy, magnetometry, and variable-temperature neutron diffraction show that the material undergoes two magnetic transitions at ∼700 and 255 K.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to American Chemical Society editor. The definitive version is available at http://pubs.acs.org/ The original PDF of the article can be found at Journal of American Chemical Society website : http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja077762f
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Other partners > ENSICAEN (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Liverpool (UNITED KINGDOM)
Laboratory name:
Deposited By:Nihad Lahdifi

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