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Structural variations and cation distributions in Mn3xCoxO4 (0 x 3) dense ceramics using neutron diffraction data

Bordeneuve-Guibé, Joël and Tenailleau, Christophe and Guillemet-Fritsch, Sophie and Smith, R. and Suard, E. and Rousset, Abel Structural variations and cation distributions in Mn3xCoxO4 (0 x 3) dense ceramics using neutron diffraction data. (2010) Solid State Sciences, vol. 12 (n° 3). 379-386 . ISSN 1293-2558

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2009.11.018

Abstract

Single phase ceramics of cobalt manganese oxide spinels Mn3xCoxO4 were structurally characterized by neutron powder diffraction over the whole solid solution range. For x < 1.75, ceramics obtained at room temperature by conventional sintering techniques are tetragonal, while for x 1.75 ceramics sintered by Spark Plasma Sintering are of cubic symmetry. The unit cells, metal–metal and metal–oxygen average bonds decrease regularly with increasing cobalt content. Rietveld refinements using neutron data show that cobalt is first preferentially substituted on the tetrahedral site for x < 1, then on the octahedral site for increasing x values. Structural methods (bond valence sum computations and calculations based on Poix’s work in oxide spinels) applied to our ceramics using element repartitions and [M–O] distances determined after neutron data refinements allowed us to specify the cation distributions in all phases. Mn2þ and/or Co2þ occupy the tetrahedral site while Mn3þ, Co2þ, CoIII (cobalt in low-spin state) and Mn4þ occupy the octahedral site. The electronic conduction mechanisms in our highly densified ceramics of pure cobalt and manganese oxide spinels are explained by the hopping of polarons between adjacent Mn3þ/Mn4þ and Co2þ/CoIII on the octahedral sites.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Solid State Sciences website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/12932558
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Other partners > Institut Laue-Langevin - ILL (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Science and Technology Facilities Council - STFC (UNITED KINGDOM)
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Deposited By: Nihad Lahdifi
Deposited On:13 Dec 2010 15:06

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