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Erosion due to cultivation of calcareous clay soils on hillsides in south-west France. II. Effect of ploughing down the steepest slope

Revel, Jean-Claude and Guiresse, Maritxu Erosion due to cultivation of calcareous clay soils on hillsides in south-west France. II. Effect of ploughing down the steepest slope. (1995) Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 3 (n°3). pp. 147-155. ISSN 0167-1987

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-1987(95)00482-3

Abstract

The erosion of calcareous clay soils from Terrefort in south west France is not exclusively due to run-off water. An experiment was carried out in situ to quantify the effect of ploughing on the displacement of soil down the slope. In s field experiment, a trench 0.4 m x 0.4 m x 20 m was dug parallel to the contours and filled with crushed gravel. Gravel distribution on the surface and within the soil mass was examined after ploughing downhill and then uphill. Mathematical analysis of the data showed that a much greater total soil mass was displaced downwards by ploughing downhill than by ploughing uphill. This resulted in soil removal from the top of the plot (0.32-1.62 kg m-* for a single ploughing) and much greater accumulation at the base of the slope than estimated for surface water erosion (i.e. 0.04-0.25 kg m-* year-‘), according to measurements made by other authors in the same region.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
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Deposited By: Florence Amor

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