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Effect of Calcium Deficiency on Growth and Leaf Acid Soluble Proteins of Tomato

Baboulène, Laurence and Silvestre, Jérôme and Pinelli, Eric and Morard, Philippe Effect of Calcium Deficiency on Growth and Leaf Acid Soluble Proteins of Tomato. (2007) Journal of Plant Nutrition, vol. 30 (n°4). pp. 497-515. ISSN 0190-4167

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01904160701209139

Abstract

The effects of temporary Ca (Ca) calcium deficiency lasting 2, 3, 4 or 5 d were investigated on tomato plants at the 6-leaf stage, grown hydroponically under controlled conditions. With 2, 3 or 4 d of Ca deficiency, the dry weight of the tomato leaves, shoots or roots was not different from control. A significant decrease in tomato growth, of up to 70%, appeared on the fifth day. Some visual symptoms were observed on the tomato leaves. The phenomenon concerned was an irreversible mechanism that led to plant death after 12 d, even when Ca was added to the root medium after 2, 3, 4 or 5 d. This is the first report of such a rapid and drastic effect of an essential macronutrient. Moreover, Ca content in leaves during root deprivation showed a decrease in all plants, related to a remobilization toward the apex. Ca could be considered as a partly mobile element: the observation of the youngest leaf limbs by transmission electronic microscopy after 4 d of treatment showed disorganized tissues in a necrotic zone, due to wall impairment related to C deficiency. During temporary Ca deficiency, acid soluble proteins were analyzed in leaves (SDS PAGE electrophoresis / Maldi-TOF). After 4 d of Ca deficiency, protein induction in young leaves was revealed. Three proteins were identified as pathogenesis related proteins (PR-1, PR-3, PR-7) and a threonine deaminase precursor was also found. It was also the first time that pathogenesis related (PR) protein appearance has been shown to be related to Ca deficiency. The PR proteins are generally elicited by pathogen attack. This phenomenon seems to be calcium dependent because other mineral stresses, such as potassium (K) deficiency or sodium (Na) excess, did not reveal acid soluble protein changes. The retranslocation of Ca to young tissue could entail eliciting effects via wall fragments leading to a plant response similar to the response to pathogen attack

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Taylor & Francis editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/home~db=all The original PDF of the article can be found at : http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a777114732~frm=titlelink
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
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Deposited By: Florence Amor

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