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Modelling weathering processes at the catchment scale: The WITCH numerical model

Goddéris, Yves and François, Louis and Probst, Anne and Schott, Jacques and Moncoulon, David and Labat, David and Viville, Daniel Modelling weathering processes at the catchment scale: The WITCH numerical model. (2006) Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 70 (n° 5). pp. 1128-1147. ISSN 0016-7037

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2005.11.018

Abstract

A numerical model of chemical weathering in soil horizons and underlying bedrock (WITCH) has been coupled to a numerical model of water and carbon cycles in forest ecosystems (ASPECTS) to simulate the concentration of major species within the soil horizons and the stream of the Strengbach granitic watershed, located in the Vosges Mountains (France). For the first time, simulations of solute concentrations in soil layers and in the catchment river have been performed on a seasonal basis. The model is able to reproduce the concentrations of most major species within the soil horizons, as well as catching the first-order seasonal fluctuations of aqueous calcium, magnesium and silica concentrations. However, the WITCH model underestimates concentrations of Mg2+ and silica at the spring of the catchment stream, and significantly underestimates Ca2+ concentration. The deficit in calculated calcium can be compensated for by dissolution of trace apatite disseminated in the bedrock. However, the resulting increased Ca2+ release yields important smectite precipitation in the deepest model layer (in contact with the bedrock) and subsequent removal of large amount of silica and magnesium from solution. In contrast, the model accurately accounts for the concentrations of major species (Ca, Mg and silica) measured in the catchment stream when precipitation of clay minerals is not allowed. The model underestimation of Mg2+ and H4SiO4 concentrations when precipitation of well crystallized smectites is allowed strongly suggests that precipitation of well crystallized clay minerals is overestimated and that more soluble poorly crystallized and amorphous materials may be forming. In agreement with observations on other watersheds draining granitic rocks, this study indicates that highly soluble trace calcic phases control the aqueous calcium budget in the Strengbach watershed.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:This publication is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00167037
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National des Etudes Spatiales - CNES
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
French research institutions > Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - IRD
Other partners > Université Louis Pasteur-Strasbourg I - ULP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Université de Liège (BELGIUM)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By:Florence Amor

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