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Distribution and origin of major and trace elements (particularly REE, U and Th) into labile and residual phases in an acid soil profile (Vosges Mountains, France).

Aubert, Dominique and Probst, Anne and Stille, Peter Distribution and origin of major and trace elements (particularly REE, U and Th) into labile and residual phases in an acid soil profile (Vosges Mountains, France). (2004) Applied Geochemistry, vol. 1 (n° 6). pp. 899-916 .

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2003.11.005

Abstract

A seven step sequential extraction procedure has been conducted on a podzolic soil profile from the Vosges Mountains in order to determine the ability of several elements to be released to the environment. Very little Si, K and Al were extractable (< 10% of the total soil concentration) but larger proportions (> 10% of the total soil concentration) of Ca, P, metals (Fe, Pb), REE and actinides (Th, U) could be leached. For each element, preferential binding sites can be recognized. High recovery of P and Ca in the acid soluble fraction (AS) suggests that phosphate minerals are highly involved in this step of the extraction. Organic matter appears to control the adsorption of Ca, Fe, Th, U and REE, even at depths in the soil profile where organic matter content is particularly low (0.5%). Weak acid leaching experiments (with HCl and acid acetic 0.001 N) were also performed in order to characterize the origin of the insoluble material in this soil profile. The leachable REE distributions indicate that a large part of the labile REE in the surface horizon has an atmospheric origin whereas at greater depth phosphate mineral (apatite) alteration is the main factor controlling REE release in the leachate. Our study further suggests that adsorbed material holding actinides and REE are not strictly the same. So, caution should be taken when using REE as analogues for actinides in soils systems.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Applied Geochemistry: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/08832927
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - IRD
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Université Louis Pasteur-Strasbourg I - ULP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Other partners > Ruprecht Karls Universitat Heidelberg (GERMANY)
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Deposited By: Florence Amor

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