Zorzi, Francesco and Kang, GuoDong and Pérennou, Tanguy and Zanella, Andrea Opportunistic Localization Scheme Based on Linear Matrix Inequality. (2009) In: IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing, 2009 - WISP 2009 , 26-28 Aug 2009, Budapest, Hungary.
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/WISP.2009.5286558
Enabling self-localization of mobile nodes is an important problem that has been widely studied in the literature. The general conclusions is that an accurate localization requires either sophisticated hardware (GPS, UWB, ultrasounds transceiver) or a dedicated infrastructure (GSM, WLAN). In this paper we tackle the problem from a different and rather new perspective: we investigate how localization performance can be improved by means of a cooperative and opportunistic data exchange among the nodes. We consider a target node, completely unaware of its own position, and a number of mobile nodes with some self-localization capabilities. When the opportunity occurs, the target node can exchange data with in-range mobile nodes. This opportunistic data exchange is then used by the target node to refine its position estimate by using a technique based on Linear Matrix Inequalities and barycentric algorithm. To investigate the performance of such an opportunistic localization algorithm, we define a simple mathematical model that describes the opportunistic interactions and, then, we run several computer simulations for analyzing the effect of the nodes duty-cycle and of the native self-localization error modeling considered. The results show that the opportunistic interactions can actually improve the self-localization accuracy of a strayed node in many different scenarios.
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