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Increased power from a two-chamber microbial fuel cell with a low-pH air-cathode compartment

Erable, Benjamin and Etcheverry, Luc and Bergel, Alain Increased power from a two-chamber microbial fuel cell with a low-pH air-cathode compartment. (2009) Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 11 (n° 3). pp. 619-622. ISSN 0960-8524

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2008.12.058

Abstract

Pt-supported air-cathodes still need improvement if their application in MFC technology is to be sustainable. In this context, the efficiency of an air-cathode was studied with respect to the pH of the solution it was exposed to. Voltammetry showed that oxygen reduction was no longer limited by H+ availability for pH lower than 3.0. A new MFC was designed with a catholyte compartment setup between the anode compartment and the air-cathode. With a catholyte compartment at pH 1.0, the MFC provided up to 5 W/m2, i.e., 2.5-fold the power density obtained with the same anode and cathode in a single-chamber MFC working at pH 7.5. Current density exceeded 20 A/m2. The benefit of low-pH in the catholyte chamber largely counterbalanced the mass transfer hindrance due the membrane that separated the two compartments. The MFC kept 66% its performance during nine days of continuous operation.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Electrochemistry Communications website: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13882481
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Bioprocédés et systèmes microbiens (BioSyM)
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Deposited By: Benjamin Erable
Deposited On:05 Nov 2010 13:07

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