Bazin, Dominique and Chappard, Christine and Combes, Christèle and Carpentier, Xavier and Rouzière, Stephan and André, G. and Matzen, Guy and Allix, Mathieu and Thiaudière, Dominique and Reguer, Solenn and Jungers, Paul and Daudon, Michel Diffraction techniques and vibrational spectroscopy opportunities to characterise bones. (2009) Osteoporosis International, vol. 20 (n° 6). pp. 1065-1075. ISSN 0937-941X
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-009-0868-3
From a histological point of view, bones that allow body mobility and protection of internal organs consist not only of different organic and inorganic tissues but include vascular and nervous elements as well. Moreover, due to its ability to host different ions and cations, its mineral part represents an important reservoir, playing a key role in the metabolic activity of the organism. From a structural point of view, bones can be considered as a composite material displaying a hierarchical structure at different scales. At the nanometre scale, an organic part, i.e. collagen fibrils and an inorganic part, i.e. calcium phosphate nanocrystals are intimately mixed to assure particular mechanical properties.
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