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Investigation of nanofiltration as a purification step for lactic acid production processes based on conventional and bipolar electrodialysis operations

Bouchoux, Antoine and Lutin, Florence and Roux-de Balmann, Hélène Investigation of nanofiltration as a purification step for lactic acid production processes based on conventional and bipolar electrodialysis operations. (2006) Separation and Purification Technology, 52 (2). 266-273. ISSN 1383-5866

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2006.05.011

Abstract

Nanofiltration was investigated for usability in a specific lactic acid production process based on conventional and bipolar electrodialysis operations. Industrial fluids, corresponding to two potential integration levels and coming from an existing installation, were investigated. The commercially available DK nanofiltration membrane was used and performances in terms of lactate/lactic acid recovery rate and purification efficiency are reported. Nanofiltration was able to efficiently remove magnesium and calcium ions from a sodium lactate fermentation broth before its concentration and conversion by electrodialysis (first potential integration level). Maximum impurities rejections and lactate recovery were obtained at maximum transmembrane pressures. Mg2+ and Ca2+ rejections were 64±7 and 72±7%, respectively and lactate recovery rate reached 25±2 molm−2 h−1 for P = 20 bar. Sulfate and phosphate ions were also partially removed from the broth (40% rejection). At the invert, chloride ions were negatively retained by the membrane and were consequently more concentrated in the permeate. Nanofiltration also led to a nearly total decolouration of the fermentation broth. On the other hand, sulfate and phosphate rejections obtained from the filtration of a converted broth containing the lactic acid under its neutral form (second potential integration level) were also satisfactory, i.e. 47±5 and 51±5%, respectively. High recovery rates were observed in that case, i.e. 48±2 molm−2 h−1 at 20 bar. It indicated that NF could also be used as final purification step in the process.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > EURODIA Industrie (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Génie des Interfaces & Milieux Divisés (GIMD)
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Deposited By: Guylène Abadie
Deposited On:02 Jul 2009 10:58

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