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Effect of hydrogenase on the corrosion of mild steel

Mehanna, Maha and Basséguy, Régine and Délia, Marie-Line and Bergel, Alain Effect of hydrogenase on the corrosion of mild steel. (2007) In: 19th International Symposium on Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics BES2007, 1-4 April 2007, Toulouse .

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Abstract

Losses due to corrosion are evaluated at 4% of the GDP of industrialised countries and biocorrosion may be responsible for 10% of these costs [1]. Whereas the general mechanism of anaerobic corrosion, involving iron sulphur deposits, seems now well agreed, the detailed mechanism is still unclear and the implication of hydrogenase is very controversial. The influence of a [Fe] hydrogenase from C. acetobutylicum on mild steel corrosion was studied using a galvanic cell and measuring the current and the free potential. This hydrogenase seems to induce pitting corrosion. The mechanism is discussed using activated and deactivated enzyme and the possible influence of phosphate is highlighted. In the galvanic cell, the presence of hydrogenase on the surface of only one electrode induced a galvanic current up to 10µA and the potential decreased by 500mV in the presence of phosphate. MEB and EDX analysis confirmed the presence of a vivianite deposit which forms a protective barrier to corrosion [2]. It seems that either type of hydrogenase ([Fe] or [Ni-Fe]) has a significant role in initiating corrosion [3, 4].

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Bioprocédés et systèmes microbiens (BioSyM)
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Deposited By: Regine BASSEGUY

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