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Crystallization of 2H and 4H PbI2 in Carbon Nanotubes of Varying Diameters and Morphologies

Flahaut, Emmanuel and Sloan, Jeremy and Friedrichs, S. and Kirkland, A. I. and Coleman, K. S. and Williams, V. C. and Hanson, N. and Hutchison, J. L. and Green, Malcolm L. H. Crystallization of 2H and 4H PbI2 in Carbon Nanotubes of Varying Diameters and Morphologies. (2006) Chemistry of Materials, vol. 18 (n° 8). pp. 2059-2069. ISSN 0897-4756

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm0526056

Abstract

The crystallization of the complex halide PbI2 in discrete and bundled single-walled carbon nanotubes(SWNTs), double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs), and thicker walled nanotubes is described. The nanotubes were produced by either arc synthesis or catalytic chemical vapor deposition. The obtained crystals could be described in terms of 1D fragments derived principally from the 2H form of PbI2, although some evidence for the formation of fragments derived from 4H PbI2 in some nanotubes was observed. The crystallization inside nanotubes was compared to the crystallization behavior of bulk PbI2 as determined by X-ray powder diffraction measurements obtained under comparable heating conditions. While the 2H to 4H polytype transition is clearly observable in bulk PbI2, stacking behavior correlated with this type of polytypism was only very occasionally observed within nanotubes, suggesting that crystallizing PbI2 within nanotubes has a tendency to order the halide into the 2H form. Additionally, PbI2 apparently does not crystallize in rigid narrow DWNTs with internal diameters of less than 2 nm. Raman studies performed on the PbI2-filled nanotubes show that the ratio of intensity of the D and G bands generally increases after filling and that both the RBM peaks and the G band are slightly upshifted.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to American Chemical Society editor. The definitive version is available at http://pubs.acs.org The original PDF of the article can be found at Chemistry of Materials website :http://pubs.acs.org/journal/cmatex
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Other partners > Durham University (UNITED KINGDOM)
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > University of Oxford (UNITED KINGDOM)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Celine Cabaup

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