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A general framework for pellet reactor modelling : application to P-recovery

Montastruc, Ludovic and Azzaro-Pantel, Catherine and Biscans, Béatrice and Cabassud, Michel and Domenech, Serge and Pibouleau, Luc A general framework for pellet reactor modelling : application to P-recovery. (2003) Chemical Engineering Research and Design, vol. 8 (n° 9). pp. 1271-1278. ISSN 0263-8762

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1205/026387603770866498

Abstract

Emphasis in recent years has been focused on improving processes which lead to enhanced phosphate recovery. This paper studies the precipitation features of calcium phosphate in a fluidized bed reactor in a concentration range between 4 and 50 mg l 1 and establishes the conditions for optimum phosphate removal efficiency. For this purpose, two models are coupled for predicting the pellet reactor effi ciency. First, a thermodynamical model is used for predicting calcium phosphate precipitation vs. initial conditions (pH, [P], [Ca], temperature). The second one is a reactor network model. Its parameters are identified by an optimization procedure based on simulated annealing and quadratic programming. The efficiency is computed by coupling a simple agglomeration model with a combination of elementary systems representing basic ideal flow patterns (perfect mixed flow, plug flow, etc.). More precisely, the superstructure represents the hydrodynamical conditions in the fluidized bed. The observed results show that a simple combination of ideal flow patterns is involved in pellet reactor modelling, which seems interesting for a future control. The experimental prototype used for validation purpose is first described. Then, the thermochemical model is presented for calcium phosphate precipitation. The third part is devoted to the reactor networkoriented model. The approach presented is finally validated with experimental runs.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:This publication is available on http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02638762
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Procédés Systèmes Industriels (PSI) - Conception Optimisation Ordonnancement des Procédés (COOP)
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Génie des Interfaces & Milieux Divisés (GIMD)
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Réaction, mélange & séparation (RMS)
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Deposited By:Ludovic MONTASTRUC

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