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Modification of Al Current Collector/Active Material Interface for Power Improvement of Electrochemical Capacitor Electrodes

Portet, Christele and Taberna, Pierre-Louis and Simon, Patrice and Flahaut, Emmanuel Modification of Al Current Collector/Active Material Interface for Power Improvement of Electrochemical Capacitor Electrodes. (2006) Journal of The Electrochemical Society (JES), vol. 153 (n° 4). A649-A653. ISSN 0013-4651

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.2168298

Abstract

This paper presents results about carbon nanofibers (CNFs) synthesis and their use as surface treatments for Al current collector for carbon electrochemical capacitors in organic electrolyte. CNFs have been successfully synthesized on a pretreated Al substrate; the pretreatment of Al consists of an etching followed by a carbonaceous sol-gel deposit. Performances of cells assembled with pretreated Al and pretreated Al coated by CNFs have been compared by using galvanostatic cycling measurements. Internal resistances as low as 0.4 Omega cm2 are obtained for cells using CNF-treated Al. The increase of the surface contact and interface conductivity between the Al and the active material are responsible for this internal resistance decrease. The capacitance obtained for the two cells is the same (95 F g–1 of activated carbon). Performances [both equivalent series resistance (ESR) and capacitance] are stable over 10 000 cycles, proving the great efficiency of surface treatments.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Electrochemical Society editor. The definitive version is available at http://scitation.aip.org The original PDF of the article can be found at Journal of The Electrochemical Society website : http://www.ecsdl.org/JES/
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
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Deposited By: Celine Cabaup

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