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Biochemical characterization of the respiratory syncytial virus N0-P complex in solution

Esneau, Camille and Raynal, Bertrand and Roblin, Pierre and Brûlé, Sébastien and Richard, Charles-Adrien and Fix, Jenna and Eléouët, Jean-François and Galloux, Marie Biochemical characterization of the respiratory syncytial virus N0-P complex in solution. (2019) Journal of Biological Chemistry, 294 (10). 3647-3660. ISSN 0021-9258

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA118.006453

Abstract

As all the viruses belonging to the Mononegavirales order, the non-segmented negative strand RNA genome of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is encapsidated by the viral nucleoprotein N. N protein polymerizes along the genomic and anti-genomic RNAs during replication. This requires the maintenance of the neosynthesized N protein in a monomeric and RNA-free form by the viral phosphoprotein P that plays the role of a chaperone protein, forming a soluble N0-P complex. We have previously demonstrated that residues 1-30 of P specifically bind to N0. Here, to isolate a stable N0-P complex suitable for structural studies, we used the N-terminal peptide of P (P40) to purify truncated forms of the N protein. We show that to purify a stable N0-P-like complex, a deletion of the first 30 N-terminal residues of N (NΔ30) is required to impair N oligomerization, whereas the presence of a full-length C-arm of N is required to inhibit RNA binding. We generated structural models of the RSV N0-P with biophysical approaches, including hydrodynamic measurements and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), coupled with biochemical and functional analyses of human RSV (hRSV) NΔ30 mutants. These models suggest a strong structural homology between the hRSV and the human metapneumovirus (hMPV) N0-P complexes. In both complexes, the P40-binding sites on N0 appear to be similar, and the C-arm of N provides a high flexibility and a propensity to interact with the N RNA groove. These findings reveal two potential sites to target on N0-P for the development of RSV antivirals.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02276899
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Other partners > Institut Pasteur (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Loetitia MOYA
Deposited On:03 Sep 2019 08:56

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