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Optimal airfoil's shapes by high fidelity CFD

Viola, Ignazio and Chapin, Vincent and Speranza, Nicolas and Biancolini, Marco Optimal airfoil's shapes by high fidelity CFD. (2018) Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, 90 (6). 1000-1011. ISSN 0002-2667

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/AEAT-09-2017-0210

Abstract

Purpose – There is an increasing interest in airfoils that modify their shape to adapt at the flow conditions. The study aims at the evaluation of the optimal 4-digit NACA airfoil that maximizes the lift-over-drag ratio for a constant lift coefficient of 0.6, from Re = 104 to 3 x 106. Design/methodology/approach – The authors consider a y - Re t transition model and a k – v shear stress transport turbulence model with a covariance matrix adaptation evolutionary optimization algorithm. The shape is adapted by radial basis functions mesh morphing using four parameters (angle of attack, thickness, camber and maximum camber position). The objective of the optimization is to find the airfoil that enables a maximum lift-over-drag ratio for a target lift coefficient of 0.6. Findings – The computation of the optimal airfoils confirmed the expected increase with Re of the lift-over-drag ratio. However, although the observation of efficient biological fliers suggests that the thickness increases monotonically with Re, the authors find that it is constant but for a 1.5 per cent step increase at Re = 3 x 10 exposant5. Practical implications – The authors propose and validate an efficient high-fidelity method for the shape optimization of airfoils that can be adopted to define robust and reliable industrial design procedures. Originality/value – It is shown that the difference in the numerical error between two-dimensional and three-dimensional simulations is negligible, and that the numerical uncertainty of the two-dimensional simulations is sufficiently small to confidently predict the aerodynamic forces across the investigated range of Re.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Edinburgh (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata" (ITALY)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Vincent Chapin
Deposited On:20 Mar 2019 16:05

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