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Thermodynamic Insights on the Feasibility of Homogeneous Batch Extractive Distillation. 1. Azeotropic Mixtures with Heavy Entrainer

Rodriguez-Donis, Ivonne and Gerbaud, Vincent and Joulia, Xavier Thermodynamic Insights on the Feasibility of Homogeneous Batch Extractive Distillation. 1. Azeotropic Mixtures with Heavy Entrainer. (2009) Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 48 (n° 7). pp.3544-3559. ISSN 0888-5885

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie801060n

Abstract

Feasibility assessment of batch homogeneous extractive distillation for the separation of an A-B mixture feeding entrainer E traditionally relies on the systematic computation of rectifying and extractive composition profile maps under various reflux ratio and entrainer flowrate conditions. This is a well-settled methodology for determining the product sequence and the corresponding column configuration. However, we show that all related literature examples can be simply explained by using thermodynamic insights of residue curve maps, in particular, the unidistribution and univolatility curves. A general feasibility criterion at infinite reflux is proposed and finite reflux operation is also discussed. Illustration is provided for the most common cases, namely the separation with a heavy entrainer of minimum boiling (class 1.0-1a) and maximum boiling azeotropes (class 1.0-2). New cases not published so far are presented and operating conditions are also discussed. These results demonstrate the obligatory incorporation of the univolatility lines for explaining the unexpected behaviour of some particular ternary mixtures to be separated by the homogeneous extractive distillation process

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at http://pubs.acs.org/ The original PDF of the article can be found at Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research website : http://pubs.acs.org/journal/iecred
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Other partners > Centro de Quimica Farmacéutica (CUBA)
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Deposited By:Vincent GERBAUD

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