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SNO KARST: a French network of observatories for the multidisciplinary study of critical zone processes in karst watersheds and aquifers

Jourde, Hervé and Massei, Nicolas and Mazzilli, Naomi and Binet, Stéphane and Batiot-Guilhe, Christelle and Labat, David and Steinmann, Marc and Bailly-Comte, Vincent and Seidel, Jean-Luc and Arfib, Bruno and Charlier, Jean-Baptiste and Guinot, Vincent and Camboulive, Thierry and Probst, Anne and Probst, Jean-Luc SNO KARST: a French network of observatories for the multidisciplinary study of critical zone processes in karst watersheds and aquifers. (2018) Vadose Zone Journal - Special Issue on Hydrological Observatories. ISSN 1539-1663 (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Karst aquifers and watersheds represent a major source of drinking water around the world. They are also known as complex and often highly vulnerable hydrosystems due to strong surface groundwater interactions. Improving the understanding of karst functioning is thus a major issue for an efficient management of karst groundwater resources. A comprehensive understanding of the various processes can be achieved only by studying karst systems over a wide range of spatio-temporal scales under different geological, geomorphological, climatic and soil cover settings. The objective of the French Karst National Observatory Service (SNO Karst) is to supply the international scientific community with appropriate data and tools, with the ambition of i) facilitating the collection of long-term observations of hydro-geo-chemical variables in karst, and ii) promoting knowledge-sharing and developing cross-disciplinary research on karst. The present paper provides an overview of the monitoring sites and of collective achievements such as the KarstMod modular modelling platform and the PaPRIKa toolbox. It also presents the research questions addressed within the framework of SNO Karst, along with major research results regarding i) the hydrological response of karst to climate and anthropogenic changes, ii) the influence of karst on geochemical balance of watersheds in the critical zone, and iii) the relationships between the structure and hydrological functioning of karst aquifers and watersheds.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Document cité dans l'article : https://dl.sciencesocieties.org/publications/vzj/pdfs/17/1/180067?search-result=1
Audience (journal):Special issue journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - IRD (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Normandie Université (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Montpellier (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
INSU-CNRS - INEE-CNRS - MESR - BRGM Région Occitanie
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Deposited By: Jean-luc PROBST
Deposited On:10 Dec 2018 14:50

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