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Microbial fuel cells: From fundamentals to applications. A review

Santoro, Carlo and Arbizzani, Catia and Erable, Benjamin and Ieropoulos, Ioannis Microbial fuel cells: From fundamentals to applications. A review. (2017) Journal of Power Sources, 356. 225-244. ISSN 0378-7753

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.03.109

Abstract

In the past 10–15 years, the microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology has captured the attention of the scientific community for the possibility of transforming organic waste directly into electricity through microbially catalyzed anodic, and microbial/enzymatic/abiotic cathodic electrochemical reactions. In this review, several aspects of the technology are considered. Firstly, a brief history of abiotic to biological fuel cells and subsequently, microbial fuel cells is presented. Secondly, the development of the concept of microbial fuel cell into a wider range of derivative technologies, called bioelectrochemical systems, is described introducing briefly microbial electrolysis cells, microbial desalination cells and microbial electrosynthesis cells. The focus is then shifted to electroactive biofilms and electron transfer mechanisms involved with solid electrodes. Carbonaceous and metallic anode materials are then introduced, followed by an explanation of the electro catalysis of the oxygen reduction reaction and its behavior in neutral media, from recent studies. Cathode catalysts based on carbonaceous, platinum-group metal and platinum-group-metal-free materials are presented, along with membrane materials with a view to future directions. Finally, microbial fuel cell practical implementation, through the utilization of energy output for practical applications, is described.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-01900378
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Other partners > Università di Bologna (ITALY)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of the West of England - UWE (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > University of New Mexico - UNM (USA)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Loetitia MOYA
Deposited On:18 Oct 2018 09:54

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