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Real time monitoring of the quiescent suspension copolymerization of vinyl chloride with methyl methacrylate in microreactors – Part 3. A kinetic study by raman spectroscopy and evolution of droplet size

Castor Junior, Carlos Alberto and Pontier, Alain and Durand, Jérôme and Pinto, José Carlos Costa Da Silva and Prat, Laurent E. Real time monitoring of the quiescent suspension copolymerization of vinyl chloride with methyl methacrylate in microreactors – Part 3. A kinetic study by raman spectroscopy and evolution of droplet size. (2017) Chemical Engineering Science, 173. 493-506. ISSN 0009-2509

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2017.08.018

Abstract

This paper regards the experimental study on the polymerization of vinyl chloride droplets in quiescent state using microreactors. As presented in a previous work performed with methyl methacrylate monomer, this work presents results on the reaction kinetics of vinyl chloride (VCM) polymerization monitored by Raman spectroscopy and on the evolution of VCM droplets as captured by charge-coupled device (CCD) camera in a microcapillary. Different experimental recipes were proposed using commercial initiators in order to compare the system performance when initiated with monofunctional and bifunctional peroxides. For the first time in the open literature the evolution of VCM droplets is shown up to high conversions in quiescent state. It is also shown how the pressure drop can modify the PVC particle morphology at the end of polymerization. Finally, it is shown that the Raman technique is able to monitor the reaction kinetics at different conditions, being possible to identify four different characteristic stages during the vinyl chloride polymerization reactions.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-01939182
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Other partners > Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ (BRAZIL)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Loetitia MOYA
Deposited On:29 Oct 2018 15:37

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