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Production zone method : a new non-ideal shortcut method for distillation column Design

Worms, Guillaume and Meyer, Michel and Rouzineau, David and Brehelin, Mathias Production zone method : a new non-ideal shortcut method for distillation column Design. (2017) Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 40. 745-750. ISSN 1570-7946

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63965-3.50126-4

Abstract

Graphical shortcut methods are useful tools for the design of distillation columns. The proposed nonideal shortcut method includes a graphical representation and is based on the concept of operation leaves. This new method uses a production segment rather than a completely specified product, which eliminates any sensitivity to the composition of the minor product. Concerning phase equilibria, no restrictive assumptions are made. The study aimed (1) to determine whether a specified separation respects the mass balance and thermodynamic feasibility and (2) to find the minimum reflux ratio for a preliminary design of the column. Designs obtained with this new method for ideal, non-ideal, and azeotropic mixtures give purity and recovery rates close to the specifications, which might be impossible to obtain with a conventional ideal shortcut like the well-known Fenske–Underwood–Gilliland shortcut method. The distillation boundaries of azeotropic mixtures are taken into account thanks to a non-ideal thermodynamic model applied to the calculation, which is not the case with a conventional ideal shortcut. The paper examines the following mixtures: an ideal mixture of ethanol, n-propanol, and n-butanol; a non-ideal mixture of acetone, water, and acetic acid; and an azeotropic mixture of acetone, isopropanol, and water.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-01842230
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Other partners > SOLVAY (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Loetitia MOYA
Deposited On:18 Jul 2018 07:36

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