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Demineralization of glucose solutions by electrodialysis: Influence of the ionic composition on the mass transfer and process performances

Galier, Sylvain and Roux-de Balmann, Hélène Demineralization of glucose solutions by electrodialysis: Influence of the ionic composition on the mass transfer and process performances. (2015) The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 93 (2). 378-385. ISSN 0008-4034

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1002/cjce.22076

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to investigate the influence of the ionic composition on the demineralization of a saccharide solution containing glucose. Experiments were carried out in order to evaluate the influence of the ionic composition on the solvent and solutes fluxes (glucose and electrolytes) through the membrane under different conditions (ionic compositions: NaCl, Na2SO4 and CaCl2; with or without current). From diffusion experiments (without current), it was shown that the glucose diffusion flux decreases for increasing ion hydration. These results are in agreement with those obtained in a previous work showing that the transfer modification reflects changes in the membrane properties associated with the hydration of its counter‐ion which is likely linked to swelling mechanisms at a microscopic scale. From the experiments carried out in normal ED conditions (with current) an additional convective contribution was pointed out. This kind of result is rather scarce in the literature. The glucose flux was then the sum of two contributions: diffusion and convection, due to the electro‐osmotic flux which is proportional to the electrical current. The contribution of the glucose convection flux on the overall glucose transfer was ranged between 70 and 90 % according to the electrolyte nature (NaCl, Na2SO4 and CaCl2) and the electric current (150 or 300 A m−2). The variation of the convective flux has been further correlated to the hydration of the ions. Indeed increasing convection fluxes were obtained for decreasing anion (or cation) hydration. It was shown that the saccharide transfer increases in presence of salts and that this increase was correlated to the saccharide dehydration in presence of electrolyte. Finally, the solvent, ions and glucose fluxes were used to calculate the glucose loss factor versus the demineralization factor to evaluate the influence of the electrolyte nature on the demineralization process performances. It was observed that, for a fixed demineralization factor, the glucose loss factor (comprised between 4 and 5 % for a demineralization factor of 90 %) increased with the ion hydration due to the higher contribution of the glucose convection flux.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-01894713
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Loetitia MOYA
Deposited On:12 Oct 2018 14:43

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