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Sediment fluxes of the Sebou river (Morocco)

Haida, Souad and Snoussi, Maria and Probst, Jean-Luc Sediment fluxes of the Sebou river (Morocco). (2004) Le Journal de l'Eau et de l'Environnement LJEE, 3 (4). 21-24. ISSN 1112-3834

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Official URL: https://www.asjp.cerist.dz/en/downArticle/243/3/4/39353

Abstract

Annual pre-dam and post-dam data for one of Morocco’s largest rivers, the Sebou,were analysed using there water discharge and suspended sediment loads. Results from theses analyses indicated significant reduction of water discharge and sediment fluxes by 70 and 95% respectively. Otherwise, the Sebou reservoirs,suffered from siltation due to the high rate of natural and accelerated erosion. In fact, the trap efficiency calculated for the Sebou dams ranges from 85-99%, and their life-span from 42-910 years. For instance, Al Wahda, the second largest dam of Africa, with a capacity of 3.8 103 Km3, takes 374 years to be filled with sediments. This huge siltation has a serious environmental and socio-economical impact, since it reduces the reservoirs capacity, and could affect the morphological equilibrium of the coastline. In semiarid region, environmental impacts of dams are particularly emphasised because of the irregular nature of climate and the intensity of erosive forces.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to ENSH editor. The original PDF of the article can be found at LJEE website : https://www.asjp.cerist.dz/en/PresentationRevue/243
HAL Id:hal-01790883
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris 6 - UPMC (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Ibn Tofail (MOROCCO)
Other partners > Université Mohammed V-Rabat - UM5 (MOROCCO)
Other partners > Université de La Rochelle (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Perpignan Via Domitia - UPVD (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Jean-luc PROBST
Deposited On:14 May 2018 08:22

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