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Experimental investigation and CFD-based analysis of an ALD reactor depositing alumina from TMA and water

Gakis, Giorgos and Vergnes, Hugues and Scheid, Emmanuel and Vahlas, Constantin and Caussat, Brigitte and Boudouvis, Andreas G. Experimental investigation and CFD-based analysis of an ALD reactor depositing alumina from TMA and water. (2017) In: RAFALD 2017, 7 November 2017 - 9 November 2017 (Montpellier, France). (Unpublished)

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Official URL: http://rafald.org/fr/

Abstract

The requirements of the microelectronic industry, producing high quality electronic devices, has led to the integration and miniaturization of the electronic devices towards smaller sizes, leading to an intensified need for deposition of ultra-thin nanometric films. In this context, the Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) process [1] has emerged as the appropriate process to produce such films. Due to the self- limiting nature of the deposition reactions involving two precursors alternatively fed, the process is characterized by its high film thickness control, uniformity and composition purity. The ALD process is complex since it combines transport phenomena occurring inside the reactor chamber and surface chemistry on the substrate [2]. Indeed, the duration of each precursor feeding and of each intermediate purge must be finely tuned for the optimal operation of the process. Hence, an in depth understanding of the involved mechanisms is of major importance. Experiments of alumina deposition using trimethyl aluminum (TMA, Al(CH3)3) and water vapor (H2O) as precursors and argon as inert gas have been performed in a commercial Ultratech® ALD reactor. Results show that even for established recipes, the thickness variation of the deposit reaches 2.5 to 3% on a 200 mm silicon wafer substrate after 550 ALD cycles, and a clear influence of the reactor geometry appears. A three-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model is developed, in order to investigate the various phenomena involved and aiming at improving the deposition uniformity. The model comprises two sub-models: one for the precursor feeding system, to compensate for the lack of measurements of the reactants inlet flows into the reactor; the other for treating the reactant pulses of the ALD cycle in the reactor

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):National conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Other partners > National Technical University of Athens - NTUA (GREECE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
TTIL INP 2016
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Deposited By: Brigitte CAUSSAT-BONNANS
Deposited On:21 Dec 2017 11:23

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