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Analysis of the Turbulent Wake Generated by a Micro Air Vehicle Hovering near the Ground with a Lattice Boltzmann Method

Gourdain, Nicolas and Deepali, Singh and Jardin, Thierry and Prothin, Sebastien Analysis of the Turbulent Wake Generated by a Micro Air Vehicle Hovering near the Ground with a Lattice Boltzmann Method. (2017) Journal of the American Helicopter Society, 62 (4). 1-12. ISSN 0002-8711

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.4050/JAHS.62.042003

Abstract

This paper presents numerical investigations undertaken to analyze the turbulent flow produced in the wake of a micro air vehicle rotor interacting with the ground. Two configurations are investigated: a free rotor and a shrouded rotor. The Reynolds number based on the chord and tip speed is Retip =0.86 × 105, which corresponds to a challenging flow where leading-edge separations are commonly observed. The numerical simulations are performed with a Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes approach and a large-eddy simulation (by means of a lattice-Boltzmannmethod), combinedwith an immersed boundary approach. The comparison of numerical data with measurements shows that the mean flow and the turbulent shear stresses are accurately predicted close to the ground and in the rotor wake. However, some discrepancies remain in the prediction of the rotor torque and thrust, mainly due to the difficulty to reproduce the flow near the rotor walls. An analysis is conducted to identify and understand the different sources of turbulent production. The numerical simulations show also that the presence of a shroud contributes, at a given thrust, to reduce the velocity and the turbulent intensity at the ground.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Sebastien Prothin
Deposited On:30 Nov 2017 15:32

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