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The Spatial Release of Cognitive Load in Cocktail Party Is Determined by the Relative Levels of the Talkers

Andéol, Guillaume and Suied, Clara and Scannella, Sébastien and Dehais, Frédéric The Spatial Release of Cognitive Load in Cocktail Party Is Determined by the Relative Levels of the Talkers. (2017) Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 18 (3). 457-464. ISSN 1525-3961

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10162-016-0611-7

Abstract

In a multi-talker situation, spatial separation between talkers reduces cognitive processing load: this is the “spatial release of cognitive load”. The present study investigated the role played by the relative levels of the talkers on this spatial release of cognitive load. During the experiment, participants had to report the speech emitted by a target talker in the presence of a concurrent masker talker. The spatial separation (0° and 120° angular distance in azimuth) and the relative levels of the talkers (adverse, intermediate, and favorable target-to-masker ratio) were manipulated. The cognitive load was assessed with a prefrontal functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Data from 14 young normal- hearing listeners revealed that the target-to-masker ratio had a direct impact on the spatial release of cognitive load. Spatial separation significantly reduced the prefrontal activity only for the intermediate target-to-masker ratio and had no effect on prefrontal activity for the favorable and the adverse target-to-masker ratios. Therefore, the relative levels of the talkers might be a key point to determine the spatial release of cognitive load and more specifically the prefrontal activity induced by spatial cues in multi- talker environments.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Springer editor. The definitive version is available at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10162-016-0611-7
HAL Id:hal-01655836
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées - IRBA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Frédéric Dehais
Deposited On:14 Sep 2017 13:31

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