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Optical Methods and Their Limitation to Characterize the Morphology and Granulometry of Complex Shape Biological Materials

Timoumi, Asma and Nguyen, Tien-Cuong and Le, Tuan and Anne-Archard, Dominique and Bideaux, Carole and Cameleyre, Xavier and Lombard, Eric and Molina-Jouve, Carole and To, Kim Anh and Gorret, Nathalie and Fillaudeau, Luc Optical Methods and Their Limitation to Characterize the Morphology and Granulometry of Complex Shape Biological Materials. (2016) In: 15ièmes Journées Internationales de Biotechnologie, 18 December 2016 - 23 December 2016 (Sousse, Tunisia). (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background and aim: Particle size and morphology of biomass (microorganism, lignocellulosic substrates) stand out as the major determinants of the bioprocess efficiency. Through its impact on rheology, it affects momentum, heat and and mass transfers within the bioreactor. Various techniques are available to characterize in-situ and ex-situ size and shape of particles. The most common methods are classified into three groups: (i) analysis of microscopic images; (ii) laser light diffraction and (iii) settling kinetics. In present work, five techniques are compared and discussed with model particles, microorganisms and lignocellulosic substrates. Methods: The used techniques aim to characterize size and shape (0.1 to 2000µm). In-situ and ex-situ measurements were used: chord length measurement (FBRM), diffraction light scattering (DLS), morpho-granulometry (MG), cytometry (CYT) and settling velocity (TUL). A set of height polystyrene microspheres (1.0 to 15.0µm) and microbeads (40 and 80µm) were used as reference. Yarrowia lipolytica is strictly aerobic yeast, belonging to the family of hemiascomycetes. Cells are subjected to mycelial transition induced by pH changes. Its morphology evolves from ovoid shape (5-7µm) up to filament. It was used to appreciate the ability to qualify and quantify filamentous shape (width, length). Finally, two cellulosic matrices, microcrystalline cellulose and coniferous paper pulp were selected to investigate complex fiber morphologies. Results: Specifications and limits of instruments are scrutinized. Sampling methods and preparation should be carefully considered. Optical measurements provide raw data (light intensity, frequency, images) from which morphological parameters will be straightly extracted or calculated based on assumptions (optical properties, particles geometry, theory). Considering diameters and associated number and volume distribution functions, techniques are compared with model calibrated microspheres. The mean values appear consistent between techniques but the magnitude of standard deviation extensively varies. Few instruments (MG, CYT) provide access to additional morphological criteria (length, width, aspect ratio). Mycelial kinetics and magnitude is accurately described by fiber length (MG). However a poor reliability of width (time of flight, CYT) is noticeable. Considering more complex lignocellulosic particles, the relative diameter values usually indicate similar trends whatever the techniques is. However, absolute values should be carefully considered and may deviated in large extend (5-10 times).

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:Thanks to Association Tunisienne de Biotechnologie http://atbiotech.org/
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National des Etudes Spatiales - CNES (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université des Sciences et des Technologies de Hanoi - USTH (VIETNAM)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Dominique ANNE ARCHARD
Deposited On:16 Nov 2017 13:33

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