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Ethyl biodiesels derived from non-edible oils within the biorefinery concept - Pilot scale production & engine emissions

Nitiema-Yefanova, Svitlana and Tschamber, Valérie and Richard, Romain and Thiebaud-Roux, Sophie and Bouyssiere, Brice and Bonzi-Coulibaly, Yvonne L. and Nébié, Roger H. C. and Coniglio, Lucie Ethyl biodiesels derived from non-edible oils within the biorefinery concept - Pilot scale production & engine emissions. (2017) Renewable Energy, 109. 634-645. ISSN 0960-1481

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.03.058

Abstract

Procedures and operating conditions optimized in laboratory scale for the production of ethyl biodiesels from non-edible vegetable oils (NEVOs) were successfully transferred at pilot scale, with implementation of separation and purification stages. The three NEVOs candidates are Balanites aegyptiaca (BA), Azadirachta indica (AI), and Jatropha curcas (JC), converted into BAEEs, AIEEs and JCEEs respectively via homogeneous catalysis. Quality specifications of the produced biofuels were used to explain pollutant emissions and engine performance observed via a power generator. Under the same conditions, blends of petrodiesel with crude BA or JC oil (50 wt.%) were also investigated. The selected overall methodology “feedstock-conversion-engine” led to the proposal of a sustainable alternative fuel. The candidate NEVO is BA oil to which the proposed alkali route should lead to a low cost biodiesel production process thanks to easy operating conditions, associated with a two-stage procedure (glycerol recycling) and a dry-purification method (rice husk ashes). Glycerol addition should be carried out at ambient temperature to play positively at phenomena occurring in the reacting medium (chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, phase equilibrium). Tests on power generator demonstrated that BAEEs led to cleaner combustion than petrodiesel, particularly for the most harmful emissions (light carbonyls and ultrafine particulate matter).

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The original PDF of the article can be found at Renewable Energy website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148117302495
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centre National de Recherche Scientifique et Technologique - CNRST (BURKINA FASO)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Industries Chimiques - ENSIC (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour - UPPA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Haute Alsace - UHA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Lorraine (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Ouagadougou (BURKINA FASO)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Romain RICHARD
Deposited On:03 May 2017 09:02

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