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Northern and arctic bases : a concrete opportunity for man-machine complementarity test

Gourinat, Yves and Apel, Uwe and Delbart, Franck Northern and arctic bases : a concrete opportunity for man-machine complementarity test. (2008) In: The Aerocrew Mission : Training Space Session at Ny Aalesund Arctic Base. 59th IAC, Space Education and Outreach Symposium, 29 Sept - 03 Oct 2008, Glasgow, United Kingdom .

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Abstract

In December 2007, in cooperation with the Institut Paul-Émile Victor (France) and the Alfred Wegener Institut (Germany), in the frame of the International Polar Year, the Arctic Research Base AWIPEV in Ny-Ålesund (79°N) welcame the Aerocrew mission, in polar night. The 11 crew members, including physicians, aerospace crew trainers and engineers, have then investigated the possibility for such a base to demonstrate men-machine complementarity, with robotics on one hand, and human external activities on the other hand. Concerning the robotics, simple systems were used to open common perspectives, on planet and arctic site : mini-robot for ground observation with micro-camera and specimen recovery, micro-helicopter for aerial observation and access to steep sites. This kind of application is suitable for geologists, glaciologists, biologists and specialists of the atmosphere ; these scientists are required in arctic and in planetar bases. The mission was also a unique occasion for the crew to meet some specialists, and to show a transverse aspect as multidisciplinary team. In addition, as the presence of human operators is irreplaceable (complementar with robots) the Orlan EVA Russian glove has been tested in snow and ice, and compared with polar suits. The conclusion is that a strong synergy between polar techniques and planetar technologies, with crossed spinoffs, is highly fruitful, and that the use of Northern facilities constitute an excellent and affordable opportunity.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Hochschule Bremen University of Applied Sciences (GERMANY)
Other partners > Institut Polaire Français Paul Emile Victor - IPEV (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE
Other partners > Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research - AWI (GERMANY)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Yves GOURINAT

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