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Contrasted spatial and long-term trends in precipitation chemistry and deposition fluxes at rural stations in France

Pascaud, Aude and Sauvage, Stéphane and Coddeville, Patrice and Nicolas, Manuel and Croisé, Luc and Mezdour, Abdelkrim and Probst, Anne Contrasted spatial and long-term trends in precipitation chemistry and deposition fluxes at rural stations in France. (2016) Atmospheric Environment, 146. 28-43. ISSN 1352 - 2310

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.05.019

Abstract

The long-distance effect of atmospheric pollution on ecosystems has led to the conclusion of international agreements to regulate atmospheric emissions and monitor their impact. This study investigated variations in atmospheric deposition chemistry in France using data gathered from three different monitoring networks (37 stations) over the period from 1995 to 2007. Despite some methodological differences (e.g. type of collector, frequency of sampling and analysis), converging results were found in spatial variations, seasonal patterns and temporal trends. With regard to spatial variations, the mean annual pH in particular ranged from 4.9 in the north-east to 5.8 in the south-east. This gradient was related to the concentration of NO3- and non-sea-salt SO42- (maximum volume-weighted mean of 38 and 31 µeq l-1 respectively) and of acid-neutralising compounds such as non-sea-salt Ca2+ and NH4+ In terms of seasonal variations, winter and autumn pH were linked to lower acidity neutralisation than during the warm season. The temporal trends in atmospheric deposition varied depending on the chemical species and site location. The most significant and widespread trend was the decrease in non-sea-salt SO42- concentrations (significant at 65% of the stations). At the same time, many stations showed an increasing trend in annual pH (+0.3 on average for 16 stations). These two trends are probably due to the reduction in SO2 emissions that has been imposed in Europe since the 1980s. Temporal trends in inorganic N concentrations were rather moderate and not consistent with the trends reported in emission estimates. Despite the reduction in NOx emissions, NO3- concentrations in atmospheric deposition remained mostly unchanged or even increased at three stations (+0.43 meq l-1 yr-1 on average). In contrast NH4+ concentrations in atmospheric deposition decreased at several stations located in western and northern areas, while the estimates of NH3 emissions remained fairly stable. The decrease in non-sea-salt SO42- and NH4+ concentrations was mainly due to a decrease in summer values and can in part be related to a dilution process since the precipitation amount showed an increasing trend during the summer. Furthermore, increasing trends in NO3- concentrations in the spring and, to a lesser extent, in NH4+ concentrations suggested that other atmospheric physicochemical processes should also be taken into account.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Sciencedirect website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231016303600
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole des Mines de Douai (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Other partners > Observatoire Régional de l’Air en Midi-Pyrénées - ORAMIP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Office National des Forêts - ONF (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Lille 1, Sciences et Technologies - Lille 1 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
ADEME - French Ministry responsible for the environment
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Deposited By: Anne PROBST
Deposited On:12 Jan 2017 13:53

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