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Predictable Composition of Memory Accesses on Manycore Processors

Perret, Quentin and Maurere, Pascal and Noulard, Eric and Pagetti, Claire and Sainrat, Pascal and Triquet, Benoît Predictable Composition of Memory Accesses on Manycore Processors. (2016) In: 8th European Congress on Embedded Real-Time Software (ERTS 2016), 27 January 2016 - 29 January 2016 (Toulouse, France).

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Abstract

The use of many-core COTS processors in safety critical embedded systems is a challenging research topic. The predictable execution of several applications on those processors is not possible without a precise analysis and mitigation of the possible sources of interference. In this paper, we identify the external DDR-SDRAM and the Network on Chip to be the main bottlenecks for both average performance and predictability in such platforms. As DDR-SDRAM memories are intrinsically stateful, the naive calculation of the Worst-Case Execution Times (WCETs) of tasks involves a significantly pessimistic upperbounding of the memory access latencies. Moreover, the worstcase end-to-end delays of wormhole switched networks cannot be bounded without strong assumptions on the system model because of the possibility of deadlock. We provide an analysis of each potential source of interference and we give recommendations in order to build viable execution models enabling efficient composable computation of worst-case end-to-end memory access latencies compared to the naive worst-case-everywhere approach.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at: http://web1.see.asso.fr/erts2016/uploads/pdf/erts_2016_Proceedings.pdf
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Airbus (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Office National d'Etudes et Recherches Aérospatiales - ONERA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: IRIT IRIT
Deposited On:30 May 2017 14:36

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