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Electrochemical behavior of high performance on-chip porous carbon films for micro-supercapacitors applications in organic electrolytes

Brousse, Kevin and Huang, Peihua and Pinaud, Sébastien and Respaud, Marc and Daffos, Barbara and Chaudret, Bruno and Lethien, Christophe and Taberna, Pierre-Louis and Simon, Patrice Electrochemical behavior of high performance on-chip porous carbon films for micro-supercapacitors applications in organic electrolytes. (2016) Journal of Power Sources, vol. 328. pp. 520-526. ISSN 0378-7753

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.08.017

Abstract

Carbide derived carbons (CDCs) are promising materials for preparing integrated micro-supercapacitors, as on-chip CDC films are prepared via a process fully compatible with current silicon-based device technology. These films show good adherence on the substrate and high capacitance thanks to their unique nanoporous structure which can be fine-tuned by adjusting the synthesis parameters during chlorination of the metallic carbide precursor. The carbon porosity is mostly related to the synthesis temperature whereas the thickness of the films depends on the chlorination duration. Increasing the pore size allows the adsorption of large solvated ions from organic electrolytes and leads to higher energy densities. Here, we investigated the electrochemical behavior and performance of on-chip TiC-CDC in ionic liquid solvent mixtures of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (EMIBF4) diluted in either acetonitrile or propylene carbonate via cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Thin CDC films exhibited typical capacitive signature and achieved 169 F cm−3 in both electrolytes; 65% of the capacitance was still delivered at 1 V s−1. While increasing the thickness of the films, EMI+ transport limitation was observed in more viscous PC-based electrolyte. Nevertheless, the energy density reached 90 μW h cm−2 in 2M EMIBF4/ACN, confirming the interest of these CDC films for micro-supercapacitors applications.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com
HAL Id:hal-01466193
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Centrale de Lille (FRANCE)
Other partners > Institut Supérieur d’Electronique et du Numérique - ISEN (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Lille 1, Sciences et Technologies - Lille 1 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis - UVHC (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: cirimat webmestre
Deposited On:13 Feb 2017 13:16

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