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Forests as Patrimonies? From Theory to Tangible Processes at Various Scales

Michon, Genevieve and Romagny, Bruno and Auclair, Laurent and Deconchat, Marc Forests as Patrimonies? From Theory to Tangible Processes at Various Scales. (2012) Ecology and Society, 17 (3). 1-10. ISSN 1708-3087

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-04896-170307

Abstract

Among theoretical fields addressing the conceptualization of interrelationships between nature and society, patrimonial approaches remain relatively unexplored. Stressing the multiplication of local dynamics where elements of nature are redefined as "patrimonies" (ranging from local patrimonies to world heritage) by various social groups, this conceptual field tries to qualify these dynamics and their determiners to understand how they allow us to better address contemporary environmental challenges. Through a multidisciplinary approach in social sciences, centered on rural forests, we analyze the multiplication of patrimonial processes in forest development at various scales. First, we elaborate on the concept of patrimony and on patrimonial processes and present the current construction and dynamics of forest patrimonies. A crucial question concerns the links that form between the many spatial-temporal levels where these processes develop. Moreover, these patrimonial processes can be quite divergent, not only across scales from local to global, but also between "endogenous" (or bottom-up) and "exogenous" (or top-down) processes. We present two detailed examples in Morocco and Sumatra, where patrimonial constructions are developing simultaneously at various scales and through various actors who treat the forest in very different ways. Drawing from these examples, we discuss how and why the simultaneous development of different, often overlapping, patrimonial constructions along these scales allows collaboration or, conversely, can lead their holders into conflict. Lastly, we discuss the contribution of patrimonial concepts to resilience thinking and social-ecological systems theory.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Resilience Alliance editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/ The original PDF of the article can be found at : http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol17/iss3/art7/
HAL Id:hal-01414109
ProdINRA Id:216229
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - IRD (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Montpellier 3 (FRANCE)
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Funders:
French National Agency for Research; ANR
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Deposited By: INRA INRA
Deposited On:06 Dec 2016 12:38

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