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Modelling of mass transfer in Taylor flow: investigation with the PLIF-I technique

Butler, Colin and Cid, Emmanuel and Billet, Anne-Marie Modelling of mass transfer in Taylor flow: investigation with the PLIF-I technique. (2016) Chemical Engineering Research and Design, vol. 115 (Part B). pp. 292-302. ISSN 0263-8762

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2016.09.001

Abstract

An experimental investigation of mass transfer between bubbles, slugs and lubrication films is performed by means of optical techniques for air-water Taylor flows in a 3 mm glass channel. Bubble size, shape and velocity, as well as slug size and film thickness, are measured by use of the shadowgraphy technique. The PLIF-I technique, with associated specific technical adjustments and image processing methods, gives access to the dissolved oxygen concentration in the liquid phase with high spatial and temporal resolutions. Values of concentration are measured in the slugs and, for the first time, in the lubrication films, leading to the quantification of mass transfer contributions from caps and from the central bubble body. Results for overall mass transfer are compared to literature models based on volumetric coefficient kLa. Among them the model proposed by Van Baten and Krishna (2004), which considers cap and film contributions to kLa. They are found to fail to accurately predict the experimental data of average O2 concentration in the liquid phase for short slugs (Ls < 2dc). An improved version of this model is proposed, allowing calculation of O2 concentration for films and slugs along the channel. The model needs flow characteristics, which are obtained by shadowgraphy.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com. 10th European Congress of Chemical Engineering
HAL Id:hal-01411112
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Emmanuel CID
Deposited On:29 Sep 2016 14:20

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