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Retrieving river discharge from SWOT-like data time-series : a sample of rivers types

Garambois, Pierre-André and Roux, Hélène and Monnier, Jérôme Retrieving river discharge from SWOT-like data time-series : a sample of rivers types. (2015) In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2015, 12 April 2015 - 17 April 2015 (Vienna, Austria).

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Abstract

The future SurfaceWater and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission would provide new cartographic measurements of ocean surface and inland water surfaces dynamics, and especially river height, width and slope. The highlight of SWOT will be its almost global coverage and temporal revisits on the order of 1 to 4 times per 22 - days repeat cycle [1]. The estimation of hydraulic parameters from water surface observations is still an open question. Several methods have recently been proposed for retrieving river discharge from SWOT data ([2, 3, 4]). The method introduced by [2] and used in the present study is based on Manning equation. The first step consists in retrieving an equivalent bathymetry profile for a river given one in situ depth measurement and SWOT like data of the water surface, that is to say water elevation, free surface slope and width. From this equivalent bathymetry, the second step consists in solving mass and Manning equation in the least square sense. Nevertheless, for cases where no in situ measurement of water depth is available, it is still possible to solve a system formed by mass and Manning equations in the least square sense (or with other methods such as Bayesian ones, see e.g. [3]). The approach is tested with synthetic data generated from hydraulic models for several river reaches around the world (cf. [5]). We show that a good a priori knowledge of bathymetry and roughness is required for such methods. The identifiability of the roughness geometry couple is also investigated for different space time sampling and hydraulic regimes. Indeed, the knowledge of effective hydraulic representation and limitations might be a cornerstone in identifications of hydraulic or hydrologic variables through data assimilation chains. References : [1] E. Rodriguez, “SWOT science requirements document,” JPL document, JPL, 2012. [2] P. A. Garambois and J. Monnier, “Inference of river properties from remotly sensed observations of water surface,” (minor revisions) Advances in Water Ressources, 2014. [3] M. Durand, J. Neal, E. Rodriguez, K. M. Andreadis, L. C. Smith, and Y. Yoon, “Estimating reach-averaged discharge for the river severn from measurements of river water surface elevation and slope,” Journal of Hydrology,vol. -, no. 0, pp. –, 2014.[4] C. J. Gleason, L. C. Smith, and J. Lee, “Retrieval of river discharge solely from satellite imagery and atmanystations hydraulic geometry: Sensitivity to river form and optimization parameters,” Water Resources Research, pp. n/a–n/a, 2014. [5] M. Durand, L. Smith, C. Gleason, D. Bjerklie, P.-A. Garambois, and H. Roux, “Assessing swot discharge algorithms performance across a range of river types,” in AGU fall meeting, H51S-02, 2014

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Additional Information:No full-text document attached to this repository. Thanks to Copernicus Publications. This abstract appears in : Geophysical Research Abstracts. Vol. 17. The original PDF is available at : http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2015/posters/17259
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
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Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Strasbourg - INSA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Helene ROUX
Deposited On:01 Jun 2016 13:33

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