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Incorporation de nanoparticules métalliques dans une membrane de filtration pour la réduction catalytique de composés organiques

Emin, Clélia and Macanás, Jorge and Lahitte, Jean-Francois Incorporation de nanoparticules métalliques dans une membrane de filtration pour la réduction catalytique de composés organiques. (2011) Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés (n° 101). pp. 1-6. ISSN 1775-335X

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Official URL: http://www.sfgp.asso.fr/publications/collection-recents-progres-en-genie-des-procedes/liste-des-publications/?year=2012

Abstract

Metal Nanoparticles (MNPs) have unique physico-chemical properties advantageous for catalytic applications which differ from bulk material. However, the main drawback of MNPs is their insufficient stability due to a high trend for aggregation. To cope with this inconvenience, the stabilization of MNPs in polymeric matrices has been tested. This procedure is a promising strategy to maintain catalytic properties. The aim of this work is the synthesis of polymer-stabilized MNPs inside functionalized polymeric membranes in order to build catalytic membrane reactors. First, the polymeric support must have functional groups capable to retain nanoparticle precursors (i.e. sulfonic). Then, nanoparticles can grow inside the polymeric matrix by chemical reduction of metal ions. The catalytic performance of developed hollow fibers has been evaluated by using the reduction of nitrophenol to aminophenol by sodium borohydride. Hollow fiber modules with Pd MNPs have been tested in dead-end and cross-flow filtration. Complete nitrophenol degradation is possible depending on operation parameters.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Société Française de Génie des Procédés.
Audience (journal):National peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - UPC (SPAIN)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Jean-Francois LAHITTE
Deposited On:22 Mar 2016 12:52

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