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Microreactors - An innovative tool for development of transesterification reaction continuous processes

Richard, Romain and Thiebaud-Roux, Sophie and Prat, Laurent E. Microreactors - An innovative tool for development of transesterification reaction continuous processes. (2011) In: 102nd American Oil Chemists’ Society Annual Meeting & Expo (AOCS), 1 May 2011 - 4 May 2011 (Cincinnati, Ohio, United States). (Unpublished)

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Abstract

To substitute fossil fuels, biodiesel can be produced from vegetable oils, animal fats, and waste cooking oils by transesterification with ethanol. This reaction, generally conducted in batch reactors, leads to high conversion of triglycerides into ethyl esters with diglycerides and monoglycerides as reaction intermediates and glycerol as by-product. Function of the scheme and the thermokinetic properties of the system, continuous processes may withdraw existing obstacles of batch processes such as the large number of steps, secondary reactions, stable equilibria and difficulties to separate the products. This system is complex due to phase equilibria and important coupling of phenomena (reaction, mixing, heat and mass transfers). Hence, to properly design a continuous process, numerous data are required. In this work, we transferred the batch reaction into a continuous microstructured device, which induces a better control of heat and mass transfers. Furthermore, it enables us to perform the reaction with small amounts of reactants to screen the operating conditions. The results show that reaction and separation can be carried out consecutively or simultaneously in microreactors and products can be obtained with higher purity. Continuous processes would reduce ethyl esters production costs.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:Thanks to 102nd American Oil Chemists’ Society Annual Meeting & Expo (AOCS): http://www.aocs.org/Resources/AMArchivesDetail.cfm?ItemNumber=18909
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Romain RICHARD
Deposited On:15 Feb 2016 09:04

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