OATAO - Open Archive Toulouse Archive Ouverte Open Access Week

"Automation Surprise" in Aviation

Dehais, Frédéric and Peysakhovich, Vsevolod and Scannella, Sébastien and Fongue, Jennifer and Gateau, Thibault "Automation Surprise" in Aviation. (2015) In: CHI '15 Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 18 April 2015 - 23 April 2015 (Seoul, Korea, Republic Of).

[img]
Preview
(Document in English)

PDF (Author's version) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
885kB

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2702123.2702521

Abstract

Conflicts between the pilot and the automation, when pilots detect but do not understand them, cause “automation sur- prise” situations and jeopardize flight safety. We conducted an experiment in a 3-axis motion flight simulator with 16 pi- lots equipped with an eye-tracker to analyze their behavior and eye movements during the occurrence of such a situation. The results revealed that this conflict engages participant’s at- tentional abilities resulting in excessive and inefficient visual search patterns. This experiment confirmed the crucial need to design solutions for detecting the occurrence of conflict- ual situations and to assist the pilots. We therefore proposed an approach to formally identify the occurrence of “automa- tion surprise” conflicts based on the analysis of “silent mode changes” of the autopilot. A demonstrator was implemented and allowed for the automatic trigger of messages in the cock- pit that explains the autopilot behavior. We implemented a real-time demonstrator that was tested as a proof-of-concept with 7 subjects facing 3 different conflicts with automation. The results shown the efficacy of this approach which could be implemented in existing cockpits.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:ISBN: 978-1-4503-3145-6
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
AXA Research Fund
Statistics:download
Deposited By: Frédéric Dehais
Deposited On:28 Jan 2016 15:09

Repository Staff Only: item control page