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Two-dimensional instabilities of a viscous vortex dipole

Jugier, Rémi and Joly, Laurent and Brancher, Pierre and Fontane, Jérôme Two-dimensional instabilities of a viscous vortex dipole. (2015) In: HELIX 2015 : Fluid-Structure Interactions and Vortex Dynamics in Aerodynamics, 29 June 2015 - 4 July 2015 (Porquerolles Island, Hyères, France). (Unpublished)

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We extend the linear stability analysis of the inviscid Lamb-Chaplygin dipole (LCD) carried out by Brion et al. to a family of viscous Lamb-Oseen dipoles (LOD) for varying aspect ratios a/b, where a is the characteristic radius of the vortices and b their separation distance. Brion et al. have recently discovered a new family of modes which correspond to a large-wavelength instability with a maximum growth rate in the two-dimensional (2D) limit. Their study suggests that vortex shedding in the wake of the dipole is the leading physical mechanism of those instabilities. Though the LCD is a peculiar model of vortex dipole, since it does not exhibit any viscous trail and presents a singular vorticity distribution, Brion et al. compared their results with the more regular LOD defined by Sipp et al. and confirmed the existence of a 2D instability of vortex dipoles. Despite a similar structure, the instability of the LOD presents an oscillating symmetric mode and growth rates that are significantly different from the LCD. The present study investigates these differences by looking at the influence of the dipole aspect ratio on the characteristics of the unstable 2D modes. The results show that the growth rate of both antisymmetric and symmetric modes presents some nontrivial variations with a/b and Re: it increases with decreasing Reynolds number and a stationary antisymmetric branch emerges for low aspect ratios. The analysis of the time evolution of the modes allows to highlight the basic mechanisms at play.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Jérôme Fontane
Deposited On:04 Sep 2015 06:48

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