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Equivalent Upscaled Hydro Mechanical Properties of a Damaged and Fractured Claystone Around a Gallery (Meuse / Haute Marne Underground Research Laboratory)

Ababou, Rachid and Canamon Valera, Israel and Poutrel, Adrien Equivalent Upscaled Hydro Mechanical Properties of a Damaged and Fractured Claystone Around a Gallery (Meuse / Haute Marne Underground Research Laboratory). (2014) Geological Society Special Publications, 400 (1). 339-358. ISSN 0305-8719

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/SP400.44

Abstract

In this work, we present calculations and analyses of equivalent continuum (upscaled) coefficients describing the damaged, fissured and fractured claystone around an underground gallery. We focus here on mechanical and coupled hydro-mechanical properties of the damaged claystone (the upscaled Darcy permeability of the same claystone was studied in a previous paper focused on hydraulics without mechanical deformations). Concerning the geometric structure of the damaged clay stone around the cylindrical excavation, we use a hybrid 3D geometric model of fissuring and fracturing, comprising (a) a set of 10 000 statistical fissures with radially inhomogeneous statistics (size, thickness and density increasing near the wall), and (b) a deterministic set of large curved ‘chevrons’ fractures, periodically spaced along the axis of the drift according to a 3D chevron pattern. The hydro-mechanical coefficients calculated here are second- and fourth-rank tensors, which are displayed using ellipsoids. For simplicity, we also calculate equivalent isotropic coefficients extracted from these tensors: Young’s modulus (E), bulk modulus (K), Lame' shear modulus (m), Poisson’s ratio (Nu), Biot coefficient (B, stress–pressure coupling) and Biot modulus (M, pressure–fluid production coupling). All of these coefficients are affected by the degree of damage and fracturing, which increases near the wall of the gallery. Both 3D and ‘2D transverse’ distributions are analysed, on grids of 3D cubic voxels and 2D pixels, respectively. Global coefficients upscaled over the entire damaged and fractured zone are also analysed. Other types of averages are presented, for example, upscaled values over a cylindrical annular shell at various radial distances from the gallery wall. The relation to the degree of fracturing is discussed, including for instance the effect of fracturing on bulk and shear stiffnesses, and on the hydro-mechanical coupling coefficients of the damaged claystone.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to the Geological Society of London editor. The definitive version is available at http://sp.lyellcollection.org The original PDF of the article can be found at Geological Society Special Publications website : http://sp.lyellcollection.org/content/400/1/339
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Déchets Radioactifs - ANDRA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (SPAIN)
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Deposited By: Rachid ABABOU
Deposited On:30 Jun 2015 08:07

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