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Model Coupling for Environmental Flows, with Applications in Hydrology and Coastal Hydrodynamics.

Ababou, Rachid and Alastal, Khalil and Astruc, Dominique and Al Bitar, Ahmad and Marcoux, Manuel and Wang, Yunli Model Coupling for Environmental Flows, with Applications in Hydrology and Coastal Hydrodynamics. (2015) La Houille Blanche (n° 2). pp. 9-26. ISSN 0018-6368

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/lhb/20150014

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present an overview of “model coupling” methods and issues in the area of environmental hydrodynamics, particularly coastal hydrodynamics and surface/subsurface hydrology. To this end, we will examine specific coupled phenomena in order to illustrate coupling hypotheses and methods, and to gain new insights from analyses of modelling results in comparison with experiments. Although this is to some extent a review of recent works, nevertheless, some of the methods and results discussed here were not published before, and some of the analyses are new. Moreover, this study is part of a more general framework concerning various types of environmental interactions, such as: interactions between soil water flow (above the water table) and groundwater flow (below the water table); interactions between surface and subsurface waters in fluvial environments (streams, floodplains); interactions between coastal flow processes and porous structures (e.g. sea‑driven oscillations and waves through sand beach or a porous dike); feedback effects of flow systems on the geo‑environmental media. This paper starts with a general review of conceptual coupling approaches, after which we present specific modelling and coupling methods for dealing with hydrological flows with surface water / groundwater interactions, and with coastal flows involving the propagation of seawater oscillations through a porous beach (vertically and horizontally). The following topics are treated. (1) Coupled stream‑aquifer plane flow in an alluvial river valley (quasi‑steady seasonal flow regime), assuming aquifer/stream continuity, and using in situ piezometric measurements for comparisons. (2) Water table oscillations induced by sea waves, and propagating through the beach in the cross‑shore direction: this phenomenon is studied numerically and experimentally using a wave canal with an inclined beach equipped with capacitive micro‑piezometers. (3) Tidally driven vertical oscillations of water flow and capillary pressure in a partially saturated / unsaturated sand beach column, studied numerically and experimentally via a “tide machine” contraption (described in some detail): the goal is to apprehend the role of capillary effects, and forcing frequency, on the hydraulic response of a beach column forced by tides from below. At the time of this writing, some of the results from the tide machine are being reinterpreted (ongoing work). We also point out a recent study of vertical flow in the beach, which focuses on the effect of intermittent waves in the swash zone, rather than tidal oscillations.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to EDP Sciences editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.shf-lhb.org The original PDF of the article can be found at La Houille Blanche website : http://www.shf-lhb.org/articles/lhb/abs/2015/02/lhb20150014/lhb20150014.html
HAL Id:hal-01169576
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Rachid ABABOU
Deposited On:29 Jun 2015 14:51

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