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Segregation of hydrogen to defects in nickel using first-principles calculations: The case of self-interstitials and cavities

Connétable, Damien and Wang, Yu and Tanguy, Döme Segregation of hydrogen to defects in nickel using first-principles calculations: The case of self-interstitials and cavities. (2014) Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 614. 211-220. ISSN 0925-8388

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.05.094

Abstract

A detailed first-principles study of the interactions of hydrogen with different point defects in Ni is presented. In particular we discuss the trapping of multiple hydrogen atoms in monovacancies, divacancies and at the self-interstitial (dumbbell). We show that, contrary to the previous theoretical works, the dumbbell cannot trap H atoms. In the case of a single vacancy, the segregation energy is found approximately equal to -0.26-0.26 eV, in excellent agreement with implantation anneal experiments and thermal desorption spectra in the literature. This segregation energy is obtained for the relaxed octahedral (labeled O1O1) and tetrahedral (T1T1) positions inside the vacancy, with a slight site preference for O1O1. Outside the vacancy, the binding energy becomes lower than 20 meV after the second shell of octahedral sites (O2O2). The H2H2 molecules are never stable inside the small vacancy clusters. Therefore, VHn clusters show a maximum trapping capacity of six H atoms. In the case of the divacancy, the H segregation energy can be as low as −0.4 eV. This reconciles theory and experiments by attributing the deepest trap energies to multiple vacancies.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Journal of Alloys and Compounds website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09258388
HAL Id:hal-01167534
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Claude Bernard-Lyon I - UCBL (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: cirimat webmestre
Deposited On:24 Jun 2015 14:09

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