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Comparison of synthetic medium and wastewater used as dilution medium to design scalable microbial anodes: Application to food waste treatment

Blanchet, Elise and Desmond-Le Quemener, Elie and Erable, Benjamin and Bridier, Arnaud and Bouchez, Théodore and Bergel, Alain Comparison of synthetic medium and wastewater used as dilution medium to design scalable microbial anodes: Application to food waste treatment. (2015) Bioresource Technology, vol. 185. pp. 106-115. ISSN 0960-8524

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.02.097

Abstract

The objective was to replace synthetic medium by wastewater as a strategy to design low-cost scalable bioanodes. The addition of activated sludge was necessary to form primary bioanodes that were then used as the inoculum to form the secondary bioanodes. Bioanodes formed in synthetic medium with acetate 10 mM provided current densities of 21.9 ± 2.1 A/m2, while bioanodes formed in wastewater gave 10.3 ± 0.1 A/m2. The difference was explained in terms of biofilm structure, electrochemical kinetics and redox charge content of the biofilms. In both media, current densities were straightforwardly correlated with the biofilm enrichment in Geobacteraceae but, inside this family, Geobacter sulfurreducens and an uncultured Geobacter sp. were dominant in the synthetic medium, while growth of another Geobacter sp. was favoured in wastewater. Finally, the primary/secondary procedure succeeded in designing bioanodes to treat food wastes by using wastewater as dilution medium, with current densities of 7 ± 1.1 A/m2.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Bioresource Technology website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960852415002837
HAL Id:hal-01149751
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut national de Recherche en Sciences et Technologies pour l'Environnement et l'Agriculture - IRSTEA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Benjamin ERABLE
Deposited On:07 May 2015 14:05

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