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"Automation surprise" in aviation real-time solutions

Dehais, Frédéric and Peysakhovich, Vsevolod and Scannella, Sébastien and Fongue, Jennifer and Gateau, Thibault "Automation surprise" in aviation real-time solutions. (2015) In: CHI'2015, 18 April 2015 - 24 April 2015 (Korea, Republic Of).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2702123.2702521

Abstract

Conflicts between the pilot and the automation, when pilots detect but do not understand them, cause "automation surprise" situations and jeopardize flight safety. We conducted an experiment in a 3-axis motion flight simulator with 16 pilots equipped with an eye-tracker to analyze their behavior and eye movements during the occurrence of such a situation. The results revealed that this conflict engages participant's attentional abilities resulting in excessive and inefficient visual search patterns. This experiment confirmed the crucial need to design solutions for detecting the occurrence of conflictual situations and to assist the pilots. We therefore proposed an approach to formally identify the occurrence of "automation surprise" conflicts based on the analysis of "silent mode changes" of the autopilot. A demonstrator was implemented and allowed for the automatic trigger of messages in the cockpit that explains the autopilot behavior. We implemented a real-time demonstrator that was tested as a proof-of-concept with 7 subjects facing 3 different conflicts with automation. The results shown the efficacy of this approach which could be implemented in existing cockpits.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Frédéric Dehais
Deposited On:22 Jul 2015 15:42

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