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Experimental study of the effects of hypochlorite on polysulfone membrane properties

Rouaix, Sandrine and Causserand, Christel and Aimar, Pierre Experimental study of the effects of hypochlorite on polysulfone membrane properties. (2006) Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 2 (n° 1-2). pp. 137-147. ISSN 0376-7388

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2005.10.040

Abstract

Although chemical solutions are widely employed to clean membranes, they can also be responsible for changes in membrane properties. The two major drawbacks are then either the functional properties of the membrane gradually change, so the production can no longer meet requirements in terms of volume or quality, or the membrane simply breaks up (hollow fibers), and the system has to be shut down during maintenance. The aim of this experimental study was to gain a better understanding of the effect of hypochlorite cleaning solutions in different conditions (various pHs and temperatures) on the changes observed on an ultrafiltration hollow fiber membrane made from polysulfone (PSf) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). A wide range of methods characterizing the material have been used, from the atomic scale (ESCA) up to the module scale by force measurements on fibers. Exposure to sodium hypochlorite at rather high concentration seems to lead to chain breaking in the PSf molecules (gel permeation chromatography results). The consequences are changes in the membrane texture (scanning electron microscopy images), which are closely related to changes in the mechanical properties of the membrane. Membrane permeability appears to be poorly sensitive to such changes, which can be related to the fact that the permeability relies on the skin properties mainly.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Journal of Membrane Science website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03767388
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Génie des Interfaces & Milieux Divisés (GIMD)
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Deposited By:Hélène Dubernard

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