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A multi-formalism approach for model-based dynamic distribution of user interfaces of critical interactive systems.

Martinie, Célia and Navarre, David and Palanque, Philippe A multi-formalism approach for model-based dynamic distribution of user interfaces of critical interactive systems. (2014) International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 72 (1). 77-99. ISSN 1071-5819

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2013.08.013

Abstract

Evolution in the context of use requires evolutions in the user interfaces even when they are currently used by operators. User Centered Development promotes reactive answers to this kind of evolutions either by software evolutions through iterative development approaches or at runtime by providing additional information to the operators such as contextual help for instance. This paper proposes a model-based approach to support proactive management of context of use evolutions. By proactive management we mean mechanisms in place to plan and implement evolutions and adaptations of the entire user interface (including behaviour) in a generic way. The approach proposed handles both concentration and distribution of user interfaces requiring both fusion of information into a single UI or fission of information into several ones. This generic model-based approach is exemplified on a safety critical system from space domain. It presents how the new user interfaces can be generated at runtime to provide a new user interface gathering in a single place all the information required to perform the task. These user interfaces have to be generated at runtime as new procedures (i.e. sequences of operations to be executed in a semi-autonomous way) can be defined by operators at any time in order to react to adverse events and to keep the space system in operation. Such contextual, activity-related user interfaces complement the original user interfaces designed for operating the command and control system. The resulting user interface thus corresponds to a distribution of user interfaces in a focus+context way improving usability by increasing both efficiency and effectiveness.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at International Journal of Human-Computer Studies website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10715819
HAL Id:hal-01130579
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
R-S08/BS-0003-029 - ETS-CT-R&T_TTGA-196-CN - CIFRE PBO D08028747-788/2008
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Deposited By: IRIT IRIT
Deposited On:12 Mar 2015 08:14

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