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Characterization of auxin-ethylene interactions during the tomato fruit development: role of Sl-IAA17 gene

Su, Liyan. Characterization of auxin-ethylene interactions during the tomato fruit development: role of Sl-IAA17 gene. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2014

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00002839/

Abstract

The interaction between auxin and ethylene are complex and control various processes of plant development, such as root elongation or differentiation of secondary roots. But there are few studies showing the role of interactions between these two hormones during development and maturation of the fruit. The color change in the tomato fruit is a feature of the maturation that is associated with the degradation of the chlorophyll and carotenoid accumulation. In this work, the application of exogenous auxin and ethylene showed the impact of these two hormones in the tomato ripening and in particular the change of fruit color. We have shown that indole-acetic acid (IAA) delays the transition from green to orange / red, while ethylene, supplied as 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid form (ACC), its precursor, accelerated this transition. However the auxin inhibition by p-chlorophenoxy isobutyic acid (PCIB), an auxin antagonist, caused the same effects similar to ethylene. The carotenoid analysis showed that the ACC and PCIB increase the lycopene content and reduced the carotene content while IAA causes the opposite effect. The study of the accumulation of mRNAs for several key genes of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway has shown that the gene β-lcy encoding lycopene cyclase plays a key role in the control of biosynthesis and accumulation of pigments and that its expression is highly dependent on the auxin-ethylene balance. In addition, our results showed that the rin gene plays an important role in controlling the expression of the key carotenoid biosynthetic pathway genes. To get a better view of differentially expressed genes by auxin and ethylene during ripening, transcriptome analysis of fruits treated with ACC and IAA was performed by a preliminary RNA-Seq approach. Among the transcription factors studied in the laboratory, the gene Sl-IAA17, a member of the family of Aux/IAA was affected by auxin and ethylene. Functional characterization of Sl-IAA17 gene during fruit development was performed by creating transgenic lines under-expressing this gene by RNAi. These lines display a phenotype producing bigger fruit than wild type. Histological analysis of the tissues showed that fruit phenotype is associated with a thicker pericarp. By microscopy, we observed that increasing the thickness of the pericarp in the transgenic lines was not due to a greater number of cells but to the increase in cell size. Finally, we observed that cell expansion in transgenic fruit is tightly coupled with higher ploidy levels than wild fruits, suggesting a stimulation of the endoreduplication process. These results clearly demonstrate the existence of a close relationship between the auxin signal, the control cell size, fruit volume and the endoreduplication process. In conclusion, the results provide new insights into the interactions between auxin and ethylene during fruit development and in particular during the transition immature fruit, mature fruit. In addition, they provide new information on the understanding of the role of the signaling pathway of auxin in controlling the development of fleshy fruits and in particular on the basis of certain members of the AUX/IAA on regulating volume and fruit weight.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Chervin, Christian and Roustan, Jean-Paul
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Deposited On:09 Jan 2015 22:58

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