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Buoyancy-induced turbulence in a tilted pipe

Hallez, Yannick and Magnaudet, Jacques Buoyancy-induced turbulence in a tilted pipe. (2015) Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 762. pp. 435-477. ISSN 0022-1120

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2014.638

Abstract

Numerical simulation is used to document the statistical structure and better understand energy transfers in a low-Reynolds-number turbulent flow generated by negative axial buoyancy in a long circular tilted pipe under the Boussinesq approximation. The flow is found to exhibit specific features which strikingly contrast with the familiar characteristics of pressure-driven pipe and channel flows. The mean flow, dominated by an axial component exhibiting a uniform shear in the core, also comprises a weak secondary component made of four counter-rotating cells filling the entire cross-section. Within the cross-section, variations of the axial and transverse velocity fluctuations are markedly different, the former reaching its maximum at the edge of the core while the latter two decrease monotonically from the axis to the wall. The negative axial buoyancy component generates long plumes travelling along the pipe, yielding unusually large longitudinal integral length scales. The axial and crosswise mean density variations are shown to be respectively responsible for a quadratic variation of the crosswise shear stress and density flux which both decrease from a maximum on the pipe axis to near-zero values throughout the near-wall region. Although the crosswise buoyancy component is stabilizing everywhere, the crosswise density flux is negative in some peripheral regions, which corresponds to apparent counter-gradient diffusion. Budgets of velocity and density fluctuations variances and of crosswise shear stress and density flux are analysed to explain the above features. A novel two-time algebraic model of the turbulent fluxes is introduced to determine all components of the diffusivity tensor, revealing that they are significantly influenced by axial and crosswise buoyancy effects. The eddy viscosity and eddy diffusivity concepts and the Reynolds analogy are found to work reasonably well within the central part of the section whereas non-local effects cannot be ignored elsewhere.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Cambridge University Press (CUP) editor. The definitive version is available at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9455207&fileId=S0022112014006387
HAL Id:hal-01102240
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Yannick HALLEZ
Deposited On:12 Jan 2015 12:16

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