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Experimental study on fluidization of micronic powders

Alavi, Shila and Caussat, Brigitte Experimental study on fluidization of micronic powders. (2005) Powder Technology, vol. 1 (n° 1-3). pp. 114-120. ISSN 0032-5910

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2005.05.017

Abstract

The fluidization behavior of yttrium oxide (Y2O3) powders of high density and micronic diameter belonging to the group C of Geldart’s classification has been investigated. Large interparticle forces lead to bed cracking, slugging and channelling, and cause the powder not to fluidize consistently. Different fluidization technologies have been tested, such as mechanical agitated fluidization, vibrated fluidization and addition of easyto-fluidize large particles to fine particles. The quality of fluidization has been studied through pressure drop diagrams for decreasing gas velocities and for various fixed bed heights to column diameter ratios. In the case of stirred fluidization, several stirrer geometries have been tested (helix, turbine, etc.). However, the fluidization has not been satisfactory. By adding larger particles to fine powders, convenient fluidization conditions have been obtained. An inertia effect proportional to the initial bed weight seems to contribute to fluidization. Some evaluation of interparticle forces governing the tested mixture of fine/large particles has been performed by studying the influence of mass percentage of fine particles on the Hausner ratio and the angle of repose. Fluidization under vibration allows to partly overcome the adhesion forces between powders. The fluidization behavior has been improved for the highest vibration strengths.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Powder Technology website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00325910
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Génie des Interfaces & Milieux Divisés (GIMD) - CVD
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Deposited By: Hélène Dubernard
Deposited On:14 Oct 2008 10:44

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